Smallholder Adaptive Farming and Biodiversity Network (SAFBIN)

SAFBIN is an action research programme from Caritas Organisations to address the issues of climate change and food security of smallholder farmers in South Asia. The programme aiming to achieve SDG 2, is inspired by the achievements and mutual learning process of the Caritas Partners in a successful previous phase of regional programme under the European Union Global Programme on Agriculture Research for Development (ARD).

SAFBIN is a multi-dimensional and multi-sector programme aimed to address the agricultural development challenges of developing and emerging countries. The innovative models piloted by the smallholder farmers from five rainfed Agro-Ecosystems (AES) in South Asia will be scalable and replicable in all similar Agro-Ecosystems. This programme will primarily contribute in achieving Sustainable Development Goal 2 of United Nations: “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture in South Asia”.

The overall programme will benefit about 40000 people living in 165 villages of 21 districts in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The first phase of the programme will be implemented from April, 2018 in 95 villages of 11 districts, benefiting about 22000 people.

SAFBIN programme follows farmer led collective on-farm adaptive research, farming system and partnership approaches to empower the smallholder farmers in:

Caritas organisations part of this initiative are the official national organisations of the Catholic Bishops' Conference for social development in their respective countries. They are also members of Caritas Internationalis in Rome, which is a global confederation of 165 Catholic organisations working in humanitarian emergencies and international development. Implementing partners in South Asia are the members of Caritas Asia, which is also a strategic partner of this programme.

Caritas India, Caritas Bangladesh, Caritas Nepal and Caritas Pakistan will be implementing this programme in South Asia with the support of Caritas Austria and Caritas Switzerland. They will collaborate and partner with global and national research institutions, national agricultural research system and universities to implement this programme.


  • Hara Khad (Green Manure) - SAF-BIN Good Agricultural Practice

  •   | 
  • 01/04/2016

Micro and macro nutrients are essential for optimum plants growth. Plants receive these nutrients from soil during their primary growth stages. Green manure is found to be helpful in providing these nutrients to the plants.

Method of preparation

  • A mixture of above mentioned seeds are sown in the field soon after harvesting the previous crop and allow the green manure crops to grow upto the knee height.
  • The crop grown upto the knee height should be incorporated in the soil by deep ploughing. It should be ensured that the entire crop should be mixed well and buried properly under the sub-soil. The field should be irrigated at least once soon after the ploughing to facilitate better decomposition.
  • Generally a deep ploughing with disc plough is recommended. In case of desi plough 2-3 ploughings at an interval of 2-3 days should be done.
  • This practice helps in improving the fertility of the soil by increasing the micro nutrients and organic content in the soil. The main crop could be sown 30 days after incorporating the green manure crop into the soil.