Smallholder Adaptive Farming and Biodiversity Network (SAFBIN)

SAFBIN is an action research programme from Caritas Organisations to address the issues of climate change and food security of smallholder farmers in South Asia. The programme aiming to achieve SDG 2, is inspired by the achievements and mutual learning process of the Caritas Partners in a successful previous phase of regional programme under the European Union Global Programme on Agriculture Research for Development (ARD).

SAFBIN is a multi-dimensional and multi-sector programme aimed to address the agricultural development challenges of developing and emerging countries. The innovative models piloted by the smallholder farmers from five rainfed Agro-Ecosystems (AES) in South Asia will be scalable and replicable in all similar Agro-Ecosystems. This programme will primarily contribute in achieving Sustainable Development Goal 2 of United Nations: “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture in South Asia”.

The overall programme will benefit about 40000 people living in 165 villages of 21 districts in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The first phase of the programme will be implemented from April, 2018 in 95 villages of 11 districts, benefiting about 22000 people.

SAFBIN programme follows farmer led collective on-farm adaptive research, farming system and partnership approaches to empower the smallholder farmers in:

Caritas organisations part of this initiative are the official national organisations of the Catholic Bishops' Conference for social development in their respective countries. They are also members of Caritas Internationalis in Rome, which is a global confederation of 165 Catholic organisations working in humanitarian emergencies and international development. Implementing partners in South Asia are the members of Caritas Asia, which is also a strategic partner of this programme.

Caritas India, Caritas Bangladesh, Caritas Nepal and Caritas Pakistan will be implementing this programme in South Asia with the support of Caritas Austria and Caritas Switzerland. They will collaborate and partner with global and national research institutions, national agricultural research system and universities to implement this programme.


  • Response of Drought Tolerant Rainfed Rice Cultivars to Transplanting Dates Under Changing Climatic Condition in Nawalparasi, Nepal

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  • 01/10/2014

In this MSc. thesis, conducted within SAF-BIN project, Dinesh Bahadur Karki analysed the effects of different transplanting dates on rice cultivars in the SAF-BIN project site Nawalparasi distric, Nepal. His broad objective was to determine the productivity of various drought tolerant rice cultivars and appropriate transplanting dates under changing climatic scenarios. His research focused on the specific objectives to evaluate the growth, phenology and yield of appropriate transplanting dates and drought tolerant rice cultivars and to find out the interaction effect of transplanting dates and drought tolerant rice cultivars on growth, phenology and yield.

In his thesis Mr. Karki comes to the following conclusions:

The grain yield of July 15 and July 25 transplanted rice were recorded statistically superior over August 4 and August 14 transplanted rice under rainfed condition. So under such condition, we can transplant rice up to July 25 by taking any drought tolerant rice cultivar which are tested in the experiment, as the grain yield among cultivars were observed statistically at par. The significant difference in grain yield under different transplanting dates might be due to changing climatic parameters (temperature, rainfall, R.H etc) during the crop growing period. Monsoon rainfall trend of past 15 years of experimental site revealed that the amount of rainfall is in decreasing trend. Due to the less amount of rainfall, the rice crop might face severe water stress during critical growth stages under rainfed condition. For reducing the effect of changing climate on rice production, selection of appropriate transplanting dates might be the farmer's level technology which helps to achieve optimum rice yield by providing favourable growing condition. However, at least two years of multi-location research is needed to validate this research further.