Smallholder Adaptive Farming and Biodiversity Network (SAFBIN)

SAFBIN is an action research programme from Caritas Organisations to address the issues of climate change and food security of smallholder farmers in South Asia. The programme aiming to achieve SDG 2, is inspired by the achievements and mutual learning process of the Caritas Partners in a successful previous phase of regional programme under the European Union Global Programme on Agriculture Research for Development (ARD).

SAFBIN is a multi-dimensional and multi-sector programme aimed to address the agricultural development challenges of developing and emerging countries. The innovative models piloted by the smallholder farmers from five rainfed Agro-Ecosystems (AES) in South Asia will be scalable and replicable in all similar Agro-Ecosystems. This programme will primarily contribute in achieving Sustainable Development Goal 2 of United Nations: “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture in South Asia”.

The overall programme will benefit about 40000 people living in 165 villages of 21 districts in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The first phase of the programme will be implemented from April, 2018 in 95 villages of 11 districts, benefiting about 22000 people.

SAFBIN programme follows farmer led collective on-farm adaptive research, farming system and partnership approaches to empower the smallholder farmers in:

Caritas organisations part of this initiative are the official national organisations of the Catholic Bishops' Conference for social development in their respective countries. They are also members of Caritas Internationalis in Rome, which is a global confederation of 165 Catholic organisations working in humanitarian emergencies and international development. Implementing partners in South Asia are the members of Caritas Asia, which is also a strategic partner of this programme.

Caritas India, Caritas Bangladesh, Caritas Nepal and Caritas Pakistan will be implementing this programme in South Asia with the support of Caritas Austria and Caritas Switzerland. They will collaborate and partner with global and national research institutions, national agricultural research system and universities to implement this programme.


  • Research paper: Performance of improved production technology of blackgram (Vigna mungo l.) under rainfed farming

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  • 11/11/2015

A field experiment was conducted during the kharif season of 2012 at the farmers’ fields in 10 villages of Sagar district, to evaluate the indigenous cultivars of blackgram with respect to method of sowing and nutrient management in rainfed farming condition under supervision of SAF-BIN programme of Caritas with the help of associate partner of SHIATS, Allahabad. The treatments comprised of two indigenous cultivars, viz., ‘Khajua’ and ‘Chikna’, two nutrient management practices, viz., inorganic (DAP) and INM (FYM + DAP) and two sowing methods viz., broadcasting and line sowing. Among them indigenous cultivar ‘Khajua’ recorded higher number of nodules (57.70 plant-1), CGR (70.88 g m-2day-1) and stover yield (3870.50 kg ha-1). However, the cultivar ‘Chikna’ registered higher number of branches (16.85 plant-1), seed yield (1389.00 kg ha-1) and harvest index (33.37%).

Key words: Rainfed farming, Indigenous cultivars, Line sowing, Broadcasting, INM (Integrated Nutrient Management)

Authors: Raj Mohan Singh, Thomas Abraham (SAF-BIN Associate Partner, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, S.H.I.A.T.S.), Sunil Simon (SAF-BIN), M K Saju, Valentine D. Pankaj (SAF-BIN), Manish Kumar

Picture:Wikimedia Commons/ Rasbak