• Study on wheat farmer’s perception and adaptation measures under climate change and vulnerability context of Bardiya District

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  • 29/02/2016

This BSc thesis study was conducted by Sandeep Chapagain, student at the Tribhuvan University, as part of the SAF-BIN project in Nepal in 2014.

Nepal is an agro-economic country and its agricultural system is dependent on climatic factors. Hence, changes in climatic patterns impact the entire agricultural production. Studies on people´s perception of climate change impacts are limited at local levels. The overall objective of this study was to understand wheat farmers’ perceptions, adaptation measures under the climate change and vulnerability context in Motipur and Kalika VDC1 of Bardiya district. Information was collected from both primary and secondary sources. Primary data included surveys of 80 households (50 % SAF-BIN farmers), five focus group discussions and five key informant interviews (e.g. with leader farmers, Agro-vet shop, Caritas staff), carried out in 2014. Secondary data, e.g. precipitation and temperature trends were collected from the Department of Hydrology and Meteorology and the Central Bureau of Statistics. Wheat growers perceived temperature rises, decreased winter rainfalls, longer drought periods, delayed and shorter monsoons and higher disease and pest incidence (e.g. loose smut). Analysis of the secondary data confirmed the farmers´ climate change perceptions: annual temperature slightly increased (+0.0390C) while the rainfall decreased (-8.031mm) within the last 27 years. In order to respond to these effects, farmers changed sowing dates, used improved wheat varieties (Bijay, Gautam) and applied more chemical fertilizers and farm yard manure. Proper drying and storage of wheat with neem leaves was used to minimize grain loss. No widely applied technical practice was in place for moisture conservation. Well off farmers used motor pumping, while most other farmers relied on changing sowing dates. SAF-BIN famers were knowledgeable about various adaption practices and also applied e.g. seed and grain storage techniques and line sowing. Although they were knowledgeable, poor adaptation practices on wheat, were observed, due to limited awareness, or diffusion on climate-smart technologies. The study recommends to extend the adaption strategies, specifically towards drought-smart wheat technologies, that help farmers to adapt the long and unpredictable drought periods. Additionally, the practices should be up-scaled and further research should be extended to the entire Terai region of Nepal.


1VDC = Village development committee