• Farmer’s Perception and adaptation measures of vegetable cultivation under climate change and vulnerability context in Nawalparasi District

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  • 29/02/2016

This BSc thesis study was conducted by Sushila Joshi, student at the Tribhuvan University, as part of the SAF-BIN project in Nepal in 2014.

Increased temperatures, reduced availability of irrigation water, flooding and soil salinity are limiting factors of vegetable production. Hence, tools to adapt and mitigate these adverse climate change effects on agricultural productivity are required. The aim of this study was to assess farmers´ perceptions of climate change impacts and to examine how they respond to these effects. The study was conducted at Pithauli and Rajahar VDCs1 of Nawalparasi District in Nepal, collecting primary and secondary information in 2014. The locations were part of the SAF-BIN research program. Primary data included 70 household surveys, five focus group discussions and key informant interviews (e.g. with officers from governments and Caritas Nepal). Secondary data, capturing information on time series of climatic parameters were obtained from the Department of Hydrology and Meteorology and the Centre Bureau of Statistics. Most of the farmers reported that they experienced the effects of climate change, e.g. higher temperatures and increased drought lengths, compared to a decade ago. They also faced higher number of foggy days, which favors late blight disease in vegetables and were confronted with insect pest even in the winter seasons. The farmers´ perceptions were in line with the trend analysis: within the past 30 years the rainfall in Nawalparasi was characterized by irregular patterns and the temperature showed increases. The adaptation practices introduced through SAF-BIN tackled yield increase, inadequate irrigation supply, insect pest attack, disease and cold/frost. Introduced hybrid varieties and application of more farm yard manure were equally applied by all farmers. More scattered were the practices to combat inadequate irrigation facilities. The majority of the households used mulching for winter vegetables, followed by installation of shallow tube and use of kitchen water. Only few applied water drip irrigation or constructed ponds. The study recommends that water saving and utilization technologies as well as soil fertility improvements should be increased and overall the research area should be extended, in order to reach more farmers.

1Village Development Committee