Smallholder Adaptive Farming and Biodiversity Network (SAFBIN)

SAFBIN is an action research programme from Caritas Organisations to address the issues of climate change and food security of smallholder farmers in South Asia. The programme aiming to achieve SDG 2, is inspired by the achievements and mutual learning process of the Caritas Partners in a successful previous phase of regional programme under the European Union Global Programme on Agriculture Research for Development (ARD).

SAFBIN is a multi-dimensional and multi-sector programme aimed to address the agricultural development challenges of developing and emerging countries. The innovative models piloted by the smallholder farmers from five rainfed Agro-Ecosystems (AES) in South Asia will be scalable and replicable in all similar Agro-Ecosystems. This programme will primarily contribute in achieving Sustainable Development Goal 2 of United Nations: “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture in South Asia”.

The overall programme will benefit about 40000 people living in 165 villages of 21 districts in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The first phase of the programme will be implemented from April, 2018 in 95 villages of 11 districts, benefiting about 22000 people.

SAFBIN programme follows farmer led collective on-farm adaptive research, farming system and partnership approaches to empower the smallholder farmers in:

Caritas organisations part of this initiative are the official national organisations of the Catholic Bishops' Conference for social development in their respective countries. They are also members of Caritas Internationalis in Rome, which is a global confederation of 165 Catholic organisations working in humanitarian emergencies and international development. Implementing partners in South Asia are the members of Caritas Asia, which is also a strategic partner of this programme.

Caritas India, Caritas Bangladesh, Caritas Nepal and Caritas Pakistan will be implementing this programme in South Asia with the support of Caritas Austria and Caritas Switzerland. They will collaborate and partner with global and national research institutions, national agricultural research system and universities to implement this programme.


  • Increase productivity and profitability through introduction of Pulses and oil seed in Transplanting Aman-Fallow cropping pattern and stability of them

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  • 01/04/2016

This BSc. thesis was completed by Most. Arifa Sultana Mukti at the Department of Botany of the University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.



Pulses like lentil, chickpea and grasspea are considered ‘the meat of the poor’, the cheapest source of protein. Mustard is currently the most important oil seed in the country. In the climate change context an increase of farm productivity is needed. One option is to intensify the cropping pattern by introducing pulses and oil seeds on fallows.

The objective of this study was to identify the most productive and profitable pulses and oil seed crops for cultivation on local soil types in the local ecosystem under rainfed.

This experiment was conducted on farmers’ fields in SAF-BIN project locations in the upazillas  Baraigram (Natore district), Paba (Rajshahi district) and Patnitala (Naogaon district), Bangladesh. Five crops were compared: three pulses T1: grass pea (variety BARI khesari-2); T2: chickpea (variety: BARI chola-6); T3: lentil (variety: BARI mosur-3) and two oil seeds T4: linseed (variety Nila) and T5: mustard (variety: BARI sarisa-7). The treatments were arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replications.  Data on yield (t/ha) and market value (in BDT for t/ha) was collected and analyzed.

The ranges for yield and market value were extensive across locations. Grass pea was most productive in Baraigram (4.64t/ha). Lentils produced equally in Paba and Baraigram (1.6t/ha). Chickpea was most productive in Paba (1.2 t/ha). The highest production of mustard was recorded in Patnitala (1.74 t/ha). Linseed production was highest in Baraigram (0.9t/ha). The market values ranged remarkably for each crop in each region. Market value was highest for grass pea in Paba (104000 BDT); lentils in Paba and Baraigram (164000 BDT); chickpea in Paba (59000 BDT); mustard in Patnitala (104000 BDT) and linseed in Baraigram (71000BDT). Highest sale revenues were achieved in Baraigram by grass pea and linseed, in Paba by lentils and chickpeas and in Patnitala by mustard.

It can be concluded that both productivity and profitability of the crops tested depend very much on location. Suitable crops for Paba are lentils and chickpeas; for Baraigram grasspea, lentils and linseed and for Patnitala mustard.