Smallholder Adaptive Farming and Biodiversity Network (SAFBIN)

SAFBIN is an action research programme from Caritas Organisations to address the issues of climate change and food security of smallholder farmers in South Asia. The programme aiming to achieve SDG 2, is inspired by the achievements and mutual learning process of the Caritas Partners in a successful previous phase of regional programme under the European Union Global Programme on Agriculture Research for Development (ARD).

SAFBIN is a multi-dimensional and multi-sector programme aimed to address the agricultural development challenges of developing and emerging countries. The innovative models piloted by the smallholder farmers from five rainfed Agro-Ecosystems (AES) in South Asia will be scalable and replicable in all similar Agro-Ecosystems. This programme will primarily contribute in achieving Sustainable Development Goal 2 of United Nations: “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture in South Asia”.

The overall programme will benefit about 40000 people living in 165 villages of 21 districts in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The first phase of the programme will be implemented from April, 2018 in 95 villages of 11 districts, benefiting about 22000 people.

SAFBIN programme follows farmer led collective on-farm adaptive research, farming system and partnership approaches to empower the smallholder farmers in:

Caritas organisations part of this initiative are the official national organisations of the Catholic Bishops' Conference for social development in their respective countries. They are also members of Caritas Internationalis in Rome, which is a global confederation of 165 Catholic organisations working in humanitarian emergencies and international development. Implementing partners in South Asia are the members of Caritas Asia, which is also a strategic partner of this programme.

Caritas India, Caritas Bangladesh, Caritas Nepal and Caritas Pakistan will be implementing this programme in South Asia with the support of Caritas Austria and Caritas Switzerland. They will collaborate and partner with global and national research institutions, national agricultural research system and universities to implement this programme.


  • Comparative field performance analysis of three varieties of mung bean (Vigna radiata L.)

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  • 01/04/2016

Md. Shahid Reza completed this BSc thesis at the Department of Botany at the University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.


Mung bean (Vigna radiate L. Wilczek) is an economically and nutritionally significant pulse for Bangladesh. It is cultivated on 20% of the agricultural area of Bangladesh. The pulse combines excellent protein quality and high digestibility with the ability to achieve good market prices.

In this research the performance of three popular mung bean varieties was evaluated in a multi-location trial to select the variety that produced the highest yields in each drought prone area of the Barind Tract[1].

BARI Mung-6[2], BINA Mung-5[3] and BINA Mung-84 were tested in Baraigram (Natore district), Paba (Rajshahi district) and Patnitala (Naogaon district) (randomized complete block; 3 replications/location) on farms participating in SAF-BIN project. 40-60kg/ha mung beans were sown (21/02/2015 and 15/03/2013) and fertilized (40kg/ha urea, 80kg/ha TSP[4], 30kg/ha MOP[5]). Grain yield (t/ha) was collected. Descriptive statistics and variance analysis (ANOVA) were performed for variety, location, replication and variety*location.

Both variety and location had significant effects on grain yield. Across locations BINA-8 performed best followed by BARI-6 and BINA-5. Highest mean grain yields were achieved in Baraigram (BARI Mung-6: 1.4t/ha; BINA Mung-5: 1.52t/ha; BINA Mung-8: 1.3t/ha) followed by Patnitala (BARI Mung-6: 1.1t/ha; BINA Mung-5: 1.2t/ha; BINA Mung-8: 1.4t/ha) and Paba (BARI Mung-6: 0.7/ha; BINA Mung-5: 0.7t/ha; BINA Mung-8: 0.9t/ha). Replication had a significant effect showing heterogeneity of the replicated plots.

If only grain yield is taken into account BINA Mung-5 and BARI Mung-6 are recommended as the highest yielding varieties for Baraigram area. For Paba and Patnitala BINA Mung-8 is the highest yielding mung bean variety.

[1] the largest Pleistocene era pysiographic unit in Bangladesh and the Bengal Basin (Wikipedia, 2015: access date 19/10/2015

[2] This mung bean variety was developed by the Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI)

[3] These mung bean varieties were developed by the Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture (BINA)

[4] triple superphosphate: an inorganic fertilizer and source of P

[5] mureate of potash: an inorganic fertilizer and source of K