• Comparative field performance analysis of three varieties of mung bean (Vigna radiata L.)

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  • 01/04/2016

Md. Shahid Reza completed this BSc thesis at the Department of Botany at the University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.


Mung bean (Vigna radiate L. Wilczek) is an economically and nutritionally significant pulse for Bangladesh. It is cultivated on 20% of the agricultural area of Bangladesh. The pulse combines excellent protein quality and high digestibility with the ability to achieve good market prices.

In this research the performance of three popular mung bean varieties was evaluated in a multi-location trial to select the variety that produced the highest yields in each drought prone area of the Barind Tract[1].

BARI Mung-6[2], BINA Mung-5[3] and BINA Mung-84 were tested in Baraigram (Natore district), Paba (Rajshahi district) and Patnitala (Naogaon district) (randomized complete block; 3 replications/location) on farms participating in SAF-BIN project. 40-60kg/ha mung beans were sown (21/02/2015 and 15/03/2013) and fertilized (40kg/ha urea, 80kg/ha TSP[4], 30kg/ha MOP[5]). Grain yield (t/ha) was collected. Descriptive statistics and variance analysis (ANOVA) were performed for variety, location, replication and variety*location.

Both variety and location had significant effects on grain yield. Across locations BINA-8 performed best followed by BARI-6 and BINA-5. Highest mean grain yields were achieved in Baraigram (BARI Mung-6: 1.4t/ha; BINA Mung-5: 1.52t/ha; BINA Mung-8: 1.3t/ha) followed by Patnitala (BARI Mung-6: 1.1t/ha; BINA Mung-5: 1.2t/ha; BINA Mung-8: 1.4t/ha) and Paba (BARI Mung-6: 0.7/ha; BINA Mung-5: 0.7t/ha; BINA Mung-8: 0.9t/ha). Replication had a significant effect showing heterogeneity of the replicated plots.

If only grain yield is taken into account BINA Mung-5 and BARI Mung-6 are recommended as the highest yielding varieties for Baraigram area. For Paba and Patnitala BINA Mung-8 is the highest yielding mung bean variety.

[1] the largest Pleistocene era pysiographic unit in Bangladesh and the Bengal Basin (Wikipedia, 2015: access date 19/10/2015

[2] This mung bean variety was developed by the Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI)

[3] These mung bean varieties were developed by the Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture (BINA)

[4] triple superphosphate: an inorganic fertilizer and source of P

[5] mureate of potash: an inorganic fertilizer and source of K