Smallholder Adaptive Farming and Biodiversity Network (SAFBIN)

SAFBIN is an action research programme from Caritas Organisations to address the issues of climate change and food security of smallholder farmers in South Asia. The programme aiming to achieve SDG 2, is inspired by the achievements and mutual learning process of the Caritas Partners in a successful previous phase of regional programme under the European Union Global Programme on Agriculture Research for Development (ARD).

SAFBIN is a multi-dimensional and multi-sector programme aimed to address the agricultural development challenges of developing and emerging countries. The innovative models piloted by the smallholder farmers from five rainfed Agro-Ecosystems (AES) in South Asia will be scalable and replicable in all similar Agro-Ecosystems. This programme will primarily contribute in achieving Sustainable Development Goal 2 of United Nations: “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture in South Asia”.

The overall programme will benefit about 40000 people living in 165 villages of 21 districts in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The first phase of the programme will be implemented from April, 2018 in 95 villages of 11 districts, benefiting about 22000 people.

SAFBIN programme follows farmer led collective on-farm adaptive research, farming system and partnership approaches to empower the smallholder farmers in:

Caritas organisations part of this initiative are the official national organisations of the Catholic Bishops' Conference for social development in their respective countries. They are also members of Caritas Internationalis in Rome, which is a global confederation of 165 Catholic organisations working in humanitarian emergencies and international development. Implementing partners in South Asia are the members of Caritas Asia, which is also a strategic partner of this programme.

Caritas India, Caritas Bangladesh, Caritas Nepal and Caritas Pakistan will be implementing this programme in South Asia with the support of Caritas Austria and Caritas Switzerland. They will collaborate and partner with global and national research institutions, national agricultural research system and universities to implement this programme.


  • Comparative test of varieties of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) for increased production

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  • 01/04/2016

Mohammed Quamaruzzaman has completed this BSc study at the Department of Botany at the University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.


Wheat is the second most important cereal crop in Bangladesh and can be cultivated in a wide range of environments. Average yield remains low in comparison to other countries. So far very little work has been done within Bangladesh to develop a package of improved management practices to increase wheat yields.

The objective of this study was to assess which of the three tested wheat varieties achieves the best grain yield in the respective location. In addition this trial served as validation trial for a research station experiment to create location specific information which has been lacking.

Wheat varieties were Shatabdi, Prodip and BARI Go27[1] were tested in a randomized complete block design (n=54) on farms participating in SAF-BIN project in Baraigram (Natore district), Paba (Rajshahi district) and Patnitala (Naogaon district). Each variety was provided to 6 farmers/location. Cultivation practices following BARI[2] recommendations were applied. Data on grain yield (t/ha) was collected and data from earlier trials (n=9) conducted at Rajshahi University were used. Descriptive statistics and variance analysis (ANOVA) were performed for the factors variety, location, replication and variety*location.

In the field trials both variety and location had significant effects on grain yield. Across locations Prodip produced the highest grain yield (range 3-4.8t/ha) followed by BARI Gom 27 (2.5-4,5t/ha) and Shatabdi (1.5-5t/ha). Prodip achieved the highest grain yield in Baraigram (3.8t/ha) and Paba (4.1t/ha). But in Patnitala Shatabdi was the highest yielding variety with 4.2 t/ha. The significant effect of replication shows heterogeneity of the replicated plots.

Based on grain yield Prodip has been identified as most suitable variety for the farmers in Baraigram and Paba and Shatabdi for farmers in Patnitala.

[1] Tested wheat varieties were supplied by the Regional Wheat Research Centre, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

[2] Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Wheat Research Institute