Smallholder Adaptive Farming and Biodiversity Network (SAFBIN)

SAFBIN is an action research programme from Caritas Organisations to address the issues of climate change and food security of smallholder farmers in South Asia. The programme aiming to achieve SDG 2, is inspired by the achievements and mutual learning process of the Caritas Partners in a successful previous phase of regional programme under the European Union Global Programme on Agriculture Research for Development (ARD).

SAFBIN is a multi-dimensional and multi-sector programme aimed to address the agricultural development challenges of developing and emerging countries. The innovative models piloted by the smallholder farmers from five rainfed Agro-Ecosystems (AES) in South Asia will be scalable and replicable in all similar Agro-Ecosystems. This programme will primarily contribute in achieving Sustainable Development Goal 2 of United Nations: “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture in South Asia”.

The overall programme will benefit about 40000 people living in 165 villages of 21 districts in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The first phase of the programme will be implemented from April, 2018 in 95 villages of 11 districts, benefiting about 22000 people.

SAFBIN programme follows farmer led collective on-farm adaptive research, farming system and partnership approaches to empower the smallholder farmers in:

Caritas organisations part of this initiative are the official national organisations of the Catholic Bishops' Conference for social development in their respective countries. They are also members of Caritas Internationalis in Rome, which is a global confederation of 165 Catholic organisations working in humanitarian emergencies and international development. Implementing partners in South Asia are the members of Caritas Asia, which is also a strategic partner of this programme.

Caritas India, Caritas Bangladesh, Caritas Nepal and Caritas Pakistan will be implementing this programme in South Asia with the support of Caritas Austria and Caritas Switzerland. They will collaborate and partner with global and national research institutions, national agricultural research system and universities to implement this programme.


  • Effectiveness of practiced management options to control of rice bug

  •   | 
  • 01/04/2016

Joynab Jerin has conducted her BSc thesis with the Department of Agronomy and Agricultural Extension at the University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.


Climate change leads to reduced rainfall and increasing temperatures. This environment favors the spread of the rice bug (Leptocorisa sp.). Rice bug causes reduced growth or deformation of rice grains which reduced productivity of the rice crop and leads to financial losses for the farmers.

This study wanted to identify a sustainable management option for rice bug by comparing the effectivity of different insecticide options.

An experiment was conducted in SAF-BIN project locations in the upazillas[1] Baraigram (Natore district), Paba (Rajshahi district) and Patnitala (Naogaon district), Bangladesh. BRRI dhan57 a drought tolerant rice variety was used. The two tested insecticide options were: T1= Amritapani + snails and T2 = Malathion[2]. The treatments were arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replications. 21-25 day old seedling were transplanted in a rate of 3-4 seedlings/hill, spaced 20cm x 14 cm. Data on growth duration (days), fertile tillers/hill, thousand grain weight (TGW), yield, pest incidence was collected.

Growth duration was longest in Patnirala, lowest in Baraigram. T2 plots achieved more fertile tillers/hill (T1: 11.9-12.8; T2: 12.2-13.4) (no significant difference). TGW was mostly higher in plots with T2 (T1: 18.9-19.4g; T2: 19-19.4g) (no significant difference). In all locations higher yield was achieved under T2 (range: T1: 3.9-4.2t/ha; T2: 4.1-4.4t/ha) (no significant difference). More panicles were affected in T1 plots in Patnitala and Paba, more in T2 plots in Baraigram. More grains/panicle were affected under. The pest incidence was higher in T2.. There was a strong positive correlation R2= 0.87 between pest incidence and grain damage.

Concluding from the results of this experiment snails mixed with melathion could be suggested for sustainable rice bug management and large scale dissemination. Neither treatment required spraying directly on the pollinating panicles in this manner not hampering pollination.

[1] a geographical region in Bangladesh used for administrative purposes, sub-units of districts. (Wikipedia, 2015: access date 19/10/2015.

[2] Malathion is an organophosphate used as insecticide.