Smallholder Adaptive Farming and Biodiversity Network (SAFBIN)

SAFBIN is an action research programme from Caritas Organisations to address the issues of climate change and food security of smallholder farmers in South Asia. The programme aiming to achieve SDG 2, is inspired by the achievements and mutual learning process of the Caritas Partners in a successful previous phase of regional programme under the European Union Global Programme on Agriculture Research for Development (ARD).

SAFBIN is a multi-dimensional and multi-sector programme aimed to address the agricultural development challenges of developing and emerging countries. The innovative models piloted by the smallholder farmers from five rainfed Agro-Ecosystems (AES) in South Asia will be scalable and replicable in all similar Agro-Ecosystems. This programme will primarily contribute in achieving Sustainable Development Goal 2 of United Nations: “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture in South Asia”.

The overall programme will benefit about 40000 people living in 165 villages of 21 districts in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The first phase of the programme will be implemented from April, 2018 in 95 villages of 11 districts, benefiting about 22000 people.

SAFBIN programme follows farmer led collective on-farm adaptive research, farming system and partnership approaches to empower the smallholder farmers in:

Caritas organisations part of this initiative are the official national organisations of the Catholic Bishops' Conference for social development in their respective countries. They are also members of Caritas Internationalis in Rome, which is a global confederation of 165 Catholic organisations working in humanitarian emergencies and international development. Implementing partners in South Asia are the members of Caritas Asia, which is also a strategic partner of this programme.

Caritas India, Caritas Bangladesh, Caritas Nepal and Caritas Pakistan will be implementing this programme in South Asia with the support of Caritas Austria and Caritas Switzerland. They will collaborate and partner with global and national research institutions, national agricultural research system and universities to implement this programme.


  • Effectiveness of different plant parts (Bio-pesticides) on preservation of wheat seed (Triticum aestivum L.)

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  • 01/04/2016

Sazeda Akter conducted this BSc thesis at the Department of Botany at the University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.


In Bangladesh total loss due to poor post-harvest processing and preservation of agricultural products represents a tremendous loss to the economy. There is an urgent need introduce proper storage and processing. A main aim during storage is to minimize the growth of micro-organisms during the storage period, promoting longer shelf life and reducing health hazards. The objective of this research was to identify the most suitable bio-pesticide for the preservation of wheat seeds from a range of locally available options. This experiment was conducted at farms participating in SAF-BIN project in three villages of Paba (Rajshahi district) from June to  November 2013. Wheat variety BARI Gom 27 was used. Wheat seed was stored with 12% moisture content and treated before storage in jute bags (properly prepared beforehand) with three bio-pesticides: dry neem leaf (Azadirachta indica) (T1), dry mahogany fruit (T2) and dry neem seed (Azadirachta indica) (T3). Treatments were arranged in a completely randomized design (CRD) with three replications. Data on moisture content (after 156 days of storage), disease infestation/100 seeds, and germination was collected. Moisture data was collected. The highest moisture (14.9 %) was recorded in seeds stored with dry mahogany fruit statistically identical with seed stored with dry neem leaf (14.85%) and lowest in seed stored with dry neem seed (13.6 %). The highest percentage of infected seed was recorded in dry neem leaf (2.03 %) treated seed followed by dry neem seed (1.02 %) treated seed and lowest in dry mahogany fruit (0.23 %) treated seed. The highest percentage of seed germination was recorded in dry mahogany fruit (89.73 %) treated seed followed by dry neem seed (86.06 %) treated seed and the lowest in dry Neem leaf (85.0 %) treated seed. These results indicate that dry mahogany fruit was the best bio-pesticide for preserving wheat seed during storage and can be recommended to farmers in the area as useful indigenous method of seed protection.