Smallholder Adaptive Farming and Biodiversity Network (SAFBIN)

SAFBIN is an action research programme from Caritas Organisations to address the issues of climate change and food security of smallholder farmers in South Asia. The programme aiming to achieve SDG 2, is inspired by the achievements and mutual learning process of the Caritas Partners in a successful previous phase of regional programme under the European Union Global Programme on Agriculture Research for Development (ARD).

SAFBIN is a multi-dimensional and multi-sector programme aimed to address the agricultural development challenges of developing and emerging countries. The innovative models piloted by the smallholder farmers from five rainfed Agro-Ecosystems (AES) in South Asia will be scalable and replicable in all similar Agro-Ecosystems. This programme will primarily contribute in achieving Sustainable Development Goal 2 of United Nations: “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture in South Asia”.

The overall programme will benefit about 40000 people living in 165 villages of 21 districts in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The first phase of the programme will be implemented from April, 2018 in 95 villages of 11 districts, benefiting about 22000 people.

SAFBIN programme follows farmer led collective on-farm adaptive research, farming system and partnership approaches to empower the smallholder farmers in:

Caritas organisations part of this initiative are the official national organisations of the Catholic Bishops' Conference for social development in their respective countries. They are also members of Caritas Internationalis in Rome, which is a global confederation of 165 Catholic organisations working in humanitarian emergencies and international development. Implementing partners in South Asia are the members of Caritas Asia, which is also a strategic partner of this programme.

Caritas India, Caritas Bangladesh, Caritas Nepal and Caritas Pakistan will be implementing this programme in South Asia with the support of Caritas Austria and Caritas Switzerland. They will collaborate and partner with global and national research institutions, national agricultural research system and universities to implement this programme.


  • Effect of Different Sources of Organic Fertilizer with Different Combination of N, P and K on Yield of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L)

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  • 01/04/2016

Most. Tahmina Akter conducted her BSc thesis research at the Department of Botany at the University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.


The potential of wheat can only be exploited through proper inputs, plant protection and irrigation. The interest in manure has reemerged due to high prices of inorganic fertilizers. Green, farmyard and organic manure provide long term soil productivity. Rising energy costs and the uncertain availability in developing countries makes their usefulness apparent.

Present study tested combinations of organic manures and different adaptations of the recommended chemical fertilizer (CF) dose (300kg/ha N[1], 240kg/ha K[2], 125kg/ha P [3]) to identify the optimal organic manure and combination with CF for high yields.

In Paba (Rajshahi district) and Patnitala (Naogaon district), on farms participating in SAF-BIN project, wheat variety BARI Gom-26 was used. Three organic manures were tested: PL (3t/ha poultry litter); FYM (3t/ha farm yard manure) and PL/FYM (PL or FYM as control). CF dosages were: CFL1= ½ N, ½ K, ½ P; CFL2 = ½ N, ¼ K, ¼P; CFL3= 1N, 1P, 1K and CFL control = no CF. This resulted in 12 treatments[4] arranged in randomized complete block design. Plant height (cm), fertile tillers/hill, grains/panicle, thousand grain weight (TGW, g) and grain yield (t/ha) were measured. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was conducted.

All parameters significantly increased trough all treatments with significant differences between treatments. Plant height was the highest in T1. Most fertile tillers/hill were recorded in T1, T2, T3 and T7. Most grains/panicle were recorded in T2. Maximum TGW in T1, T2 and T3. Highest grain yield was recorded in T7.

These results lead to the conclusion that addition of organic fertilizers in the form of PL and FYM significantly increased the yield of wheat. Among 12 treatments T7 (FYM + 1N + 1P + 1K) was the optimal combination of organic and inorganic fertilizers to achieve maximal wheat production.

[1] urea as inorganic source of nitrogen (N)

[2] MOP = mureate of potash as inorganic source of Potassium (K)

[3] TSP = triple superphosphate as inorganic source of Phosphorus (P)

[4] T1 = PL+ CFL1, T2 = PL + CFL2, T3 = PL + CFL3, T4 = PL + CFL control, T5= FYM + CFL1, T6= FYM + CFL2, T7= FYM + CFL3, T8= FYM + CFL control, T9= PL/FYM + CFL1, T10= PL/FYM + CFL2, T11 = PL/FYM + CFL3 and T12 = PL/FYM + CFL control