Smallholder Adaptive Farming and Biodiversity Network (SAFBIN)

SAFBIN is an action research programme from Caritas Organisations to address the issues of climate change and food security of smallholder farmers in South Asia. The programme aiming to achieve SDG 2, is inspired by the achievements and mutual learning process of the Caritas Partners in a successful previous phase of regional programme under the European Union Global Programme on Agriculture Research for Development (ARD).

SAFBIN is a multi-dimensional and multi-sector programme aimed to address the agricultural development challenges of developing and emerging countries. The innovative models piloted by the smallholder farmers from five rainfed Agro-Ecosystems (AES) in South Asia will be scalable and replicable in all similar Agro-Ecosystems. This programme will primarily contribute in achieving Sustainable Development Goal 2 of United Nations: “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture in South Asia”.

The overall programme will benefit about 40000 people living in 165 villages of 21 districts in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The first phase of the programme will be implemented from April, 2018 in 95 villages of 11 districts, benefiting about 22000 people.

SAFBIN programme follows farmer led collective on-farm adaptive research, farming system and partnership approaches to empower the smallholder farmers in:

Caritas organisations part of this initiative are the official national organisations of the Catholic Bishops' Conference for social development in their respective countries. They are also members of Caritas Internationalis in Rome, which is a global confederation of 165 Catholic organisations working in humanitarian emergencies and international development. Implementing partners in South Asia are the members of Caritas Asia, which is also a strategic partner of this programme.

Caritas India, Caritas Bangladesh, Caritas Nepal and Caritas Pakistan will be implementing this programme in South Asia with the support of Caritas Austria and Caritas Switzerland. They will collaborate and partner with global and national research institutions, national agricultural research system and universities to implement this programme.


  • Response of indigenous cultivars of blackgram (Vigna mungo L.) to method of sowing and nutrient management under rainfed farming and climate change in Sagar (Madhya Pradesh)

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  • 01/04/2016

Raj Mohan Singh completed his MSc thesis research at Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences (SHIATS), Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India


Blackgram is an important and widely adopted pulse in India. Nevertheless, it´s productivity is low and is increasingly affected by climate change effects. Hence, appropriate adaption strategies are required to mitigate the negative trend.

The overall objective was to study the effect of different sowing methods and nutrient managements on two indigenous blackgram cultivars in regards to growth, yield, economy and quality.

The study was conducted in 2012 during Kharif season (July-October) at farmer’s fields in 10 villages of Sagar district. The soils were divided into vertisol and alfisol clusters and a random block design consisting of three factors was applied: indigenous cultivars (Khajua, Chikna), inorganic nutrient sources (DAP[1], INM[2]) and sowing methods (broadcasting, line sowing). The crops were measured for growth parameters, yield attributes, economic analysis and quality aspects.

Cultivar Chikna showed higher records for some pre- and most post-harvest parameters compared to Khajua. For example, it revealed higher values compared to Khajua for no. of leaves plant-1 (48.80; 43.72, resp.), seed yield (1389.00 kg ha-1; 1113.50 kg ha-1, resp.) and harvest index (33.37%; 26.29%, resp.). Broadcasting achieved higher records compared to line sowing for no. of pods plant-1 (29.95; 27.32, resp.), seed yield (1389 kg ha-1; 1378 kg ha-1, resp.) and harvest index (30.63%; 27.41%, resp.). Regarding nutrient management, INM2 was superior to DAP1, for most of the tested parameters including growth factors, e.g. no. of leaves plant-1 (50.82; 48.80, resp.), yield attributes e.g. seed yield (1557 kg ha-1; 1389 kg ha-1, resp.), protein content (24.70%; 24.00%, resp.) and economic factors such as benefit to cost ration (1.74; 1.70, resp.).

Cultviar chikna, broadcast sowing and integrated nutrient management were found to be the best factors for obtaining highest values for most of the measured parameters of blackgram under rain fed farming conditions. It is recommended, however, to repeat the experiment in several seasons and to conduct it also in other areas.

[1] Inorganic Diamonium phosphate (DAP): 62.5 kg ha -1

[2] Integrated nutrient management (INM= DAP 52.5 kg ha-1 + farm yard manure 5000 kg ha-1)