Smallholder Adaptive Farming and Biodiversity Network (SAFBIN)

SAFBIN is an action research programme from Caritas Organisations to address the issues of climate change and food security of smallholder farmers in South Asia. The programme aiming to achieve SDG 2, is inspired by the achievements and mutual learning process of the Caritas Partners in a successful previous phase of regional programme under the European Union Global Programme on Agriculture Research for Development (ARD).

SAFBIN is a multi-dimensional and multi-sector programme aimed to address the agricultural development challenges of developing and emerging countries. The innovative models piloted by the smallholder farmers from five rainfed Agro-Ecosystems (AES) in South Asia will be scalable and replicable in all similar Agro-Ecosystems. This programme will primarily contribute in achieving Sustainable Development Goal 2 of United Nations: “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture in South Asia”.

The overall programme will benefit about 40000 people living in 165 villages of 21 districts in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The first phase of the programme will be implemented from April, 2018 in 95 villages of 11 districts, benefiting about 22000 people.

SAFBIN programme follows farmer led collective on-farm adaptive research, farming system and partnership approaches to empower the smallholder farmers in:

Caritas organisations part of this initiative are the official national organisations of the Catholic Bishops' Conference for social development in their respective countries. They are also members of Caritas Internationalis in Rome, which is a global confederation of 165 Catholic organisations working in humanitarian emergencies and international development. Implementing partners in South Asia are the members of Caritas Asia, which is also a strategic partner of this programme.

Caritas India, Caritas Bangladesh, Caritas Nepal and Caritas Pakistan will be implementing this programme in South Asia with the support of Caritas Austria and Caritas Switzerland. They will collaborate and partner with global and national research institutions, national agricultural research system and universities to implement this programme.


  • Response of rainfed rice (Oryza sativa L.) to planting dates and liquid organic formulations in the context of climate change in Mandla district of Madhya Pradesh

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  • 01/04/2016

Chubaienla Jamir conducted her research summary at the Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences (SHIATS). The fieldwork for this thesis took place on the farms of SAF-BIN project participants in Madhya Pradesh, India.


Warm weather during node stage of rice is an increasing problem in rice production in Mandla district of Madhya Pradesh. It leads to high infestation of green semi-looper and hence yield loss. Adaption strategies are required to mitigate these negative climate change effects.

The objective of the study was to assess the effect of different transplanting dates and the application of liquid organic formulations on rainfed rice in regards to growth, yield, economy and quality.

The on farm adaptive research trial was conducted at 18 farmers’ fields in nine villages[1] of Mandla district in Madhya Pradesh during Kharif season, 2013. It was laid out in a randomized block design based on two treatment combinations[2],[3] with 9 replications each. Growth parameters and yield attributes of rice variety MTU1010 as well as % damage due to semi-looper and post-harvest quality factors in addition to economic analysis were measured. Significant difference was tested via F-test.

Modified transplanting date + 3% of matka khad (T1)2 achieved significantly higher values compared to traditional transplanting date + 5% of fermented plant juice (T2)3 for plant height at 30 DAT[4] (31.16 cm, 27.12 cm, resp.), number of tillers hill-1 at 15 DAT (5.00, 3.97, resp.) and crop growth rate at different intervals, e.g. 75 to 90 DAT (2.48, 1.89 g m-2 day-1, resp.). Additionally T1 performed significantly better for panicle length (21.01, 18.04 cm, resp.) and also better for harvest index (35.71, 30.92%, resp.). T1 was also more effective against semi-looper and achieved highest gross (INR 85090 ha-1) and net 64498 ha-1) return and benefit cost ratio (INR 4.13).

For improving the growth and yield of rainfed rice T1 has proven to be most successful for the majority of tested parameters. The success of this on-farm adaptive research trial could be shown through the active participation of the famers. Moreover, it caught also the attention from neighboring farmers, who decided to put the treatments into practice too.

[1] Village of cluster 1: Ghota, Bhadvar, Katigahan, Begakeda; Villages of cluster 2: Jaitpuri, Bijatola, Tikariya, Kheri, Kurela

[2] T1: Modified transplanting date (17 to 19 July) + 3% of matka khad

[3] T2: Traditional transplanting date (25 to 27 July) + 5% of fermented plant juice

[4] DAT: days after transplanting

PIC:  Chubaienla Jamir recording the agronomic parameters of rainfed rice in the experimental field at Ghota village (c) Chubaienla Jamir