Smallholder Adaptive Farming and Biodiversity Network (SAFBIN)

SAFBIN is an action research programme from Caritas Organisations to address the issues of climate change and food security of smallholder farmers in South Asia. The programme aiming to achieve SDG 2, is inspired by the achievements and mutual learning process of the Caritas Partners in a successful previous phase of regional programme under the European Union Global Programme on Agriculture Research for Development (ARD).

SAFBIN is a multi-dimensional and multi-sector programme aimed to address the agricultural development challenges of developing and emerging countries. The innovative models piloted by the smallholder farmers from five rainfed Agro-Ecosystems (AES) in South Asia will be scalable and replicable in all similar Agro-Ecosystems. This programme will primarily contribute in achieving Sustainable Development Goal 2 of United Nations: “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture in South Asia”.

The overall programme will benefit about 40000 people living in 165 villages of 21 districts in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The first phase of the programme will be implemented from April, 2018 in 95 villages of 11 districts, benefiting about 22000 people.

SAFBIN programme follows farmer led collective on-farm adaptive research, farming system and partnership approaches to empower the smallholder farmers in:

Caritas organisations part of this initiative are the official national organisations of the Catholic Bishops' Conference for social development in their respective countries. They are also members of Caritas Internationalis in Rome, which is a global confederation of 165 Catholic organisations working in humanitarian emergencies and international development. Implementing partners in South Asia are the members of Caritas Asia, which is also a strategic partner of this programme.

Caritas India, Caritas Bangladesh, Caritas Nepal and Caritas Pakistan will be implementing this programme in South Asia with the support of Caritas Austria and Caritas Switzerland. They will collaborate and partner with global and national research institutions, national agricultural research system and universities to implement this programme.


  • Bijamrit - SAF-BIN Good Agricultural Practice

  •   | 
  • 01/04/2016

Bijamrit is a botanic preparation used to protect from seed borne diseases and increase the germination rate. It consist of: 1kg cow dung; 1l cow urine; 50g lime; 200g fertile soil and 5l water.


All ingredients are mixed together properly and put in a earthen pot for 24 hours. The pot should be closed with a clean cotton cloth. The solution needs to be stirred 2 times/days (morning and evening hours) for 7 days until it is ready forapplication.


2l Bijamrit is needed for 30kg seeds. The seeds are mixed with Bijamrit and kept for 12 - 18 hours in the shade or indoors. As soon as the seeds are completely dried they can be sown.

During SAF-BIN project Bijamrit has been tested with black gram, wheat, kodo millet and rice. Farmer Tulsi Ram of Bardwar village in Mandla district (Madhya Pradesh, India) reported this practice to the SAF-BIN team.