Smallholder Adaptive Farming and Biodiversity Network (SAFBIN)

SAFBIN is an action research programme from Caritas Organisations to address the issues of climate change and food security of smallholder farmers in South Asia. The programme aiming to achieve SDG 2, is inspired by the achievements and mutual learning process of the Caritas Partners in a successful previous phase of regional programme under the European Union Global Programme on Agriculture Research for Development (ARD).

SAFBIN is a multi-dimensional and multi-sector programme aimed to address the agricultural development challenges of developing and emerging countries. The innovative models piloted by the smallholder farmers from five rainfed Agro-Ecosystems (AES) in South Asia will be scalable and replicable in all similar Agro-Ecosystems. This programme will primarily contribute in achieving Sustainable Development Goal 2 of United Nations: “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture in South Asia”.

The overall programme will benefit about 40000 people living in 165 villages of 21 districts in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The first phase of the programme will be implemented from April, 2018 in 95 villages of 11 districts, benefiting about 22000 people.

SAFBIN programme follows farmer led collective on-farm adaptive research, farming system and partnership approaches to empower the smallholder farmers in:

Caritas organisations part of this initiative are the official national organisations of the Catholic Bishops' Conference for social development in their respective countries. They are also members of Caritas Internationalis in Rome, which is a global confederation of 165 Catholic organisations working in humanitarian emergencies and international development. Implementing partners in South Asia are the members of Caritas Asia, which is also a strategic partner of this programme.

Caritas India, Caritas Bangladesh, Caritas Nepal and Caritas Pakistan will be implementing this programme in South Asia with the support of Caritas Austria and Caritas Switzerland. They will collaborate and partner with global and national research institutions, national agricultural research system and universities to implement this programme.


  • Dashparni Ark - SAF-BIN Good Agricultural Practice

  •   | 
  • 01/04/2016

Dashparni Ark is an organic pest repellent applied to control harmful insects and pests. I contains bitter and pungent leaves according to local availability, cow urine, cow dung and water.


Collect any 10 leave of plants that a bitter and pungent charactaristic and are available locally e.g. 5kg Neem, 2kg Papaya, 2kg custard apple, 2kg bitter gourd, 2kg castor, 2kg marigold, 2kg guava, 2kg china rose, 2kg Devil's Trumpet, 2kg Indian oleander, 2kg pink morning glory, 2kg Indian glory beech, 2kg Calotropis /Milk weed. Grind the leaves nicely and mix them with 10l cow urine, 2kg cow dung and 20l water in an earthen pot. The pot needs to be covered with a clean, dry cotton cloth for 15 to 20 days. Stir the solution 2 times/day (morning and evening hours) in clock wise direction to allow the ingredients to mix evenly.


12l Dashparni Ark are mixed into 150l of water and applied to 1ha of any crop every 15 to 20 days.


 This practice was reported to the SAF-BIN team by farmer Kanei Patel of Bagrohi village in Sagar district (Madhya Pradesh, India).