Smallholder Adaptive Farming and Biodiversity Network (SAFBIN)

SAFBIN is an action research programme from Caritas Organisations to address the issues of climate change and food security of smallholder farmers in South Asia. The programme aiming to achieve SDG 2, is inspired by the achievements and mutual learning process of the Caritas Partners in a successful previous phase of regional programme under the European Union Global Programme on Agriculture Research for Development (ARD).

SAFBIN is a multi-dimensional and multi-sector programme aimed to address the agricultural development challenges of developing and emerging countries. The innovative models piloted by the smallholder farmers from five rainfed Agro-Ecosystems (AES) in South Asia will be scalable and replicable in all similar Agro-Ecosystems. This programme will primarily contribute in achieving Sustainable Development Goal 2 of United Nations: “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture in South Asia”.

The overall programme will benefit about 40000 people living in 165 villages of 21 districts in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The first phase of the programme will be implemented from April, 2018 in 95 villages of 11 districts, benefiting about 22000 people.

SAFBIN programme follows farmer led collective on-farm adaptive research, farming system and partnership approaches to empower the smallholder farmers in:

Caritas organisations part of this initiative are the official national organisations of the Catholic Bishops' Conference for social development in their respective countries. They are also members of Caritas Internationalis in Rome, which is a global confederation of 165 Catholic organisations working in humanitarian emergencies and international development. Implementing partners in South Asia are the members of Caritas Asia, which is also a strategic partner of this programme.

Caritas India, Caritas Bangladesh, Caritas Nepal and Caritas Pakistan will be implementing this programme in South Asia with the support of Caritas Austria and Caritas Switzerland. They will collaborate and partner with global and national research institutions, national agricultural research system and universities to implement this programme.


  • Kechua Khad - SAF-BIN Good Agricultural Practice

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  • 01/04/2016

Kechua Khad is vermi-compost. It is rich in soil micro-organism and nutrients. It helps to increase the soil fertility, increases the moisture holding capacity of soils and improved the soil structure to achieve better soil aeration. It contains dry leaves, straw, kitchen waste, 15 days old cow dung and water


Dry leaves, straw and kitchen waste are mixed properly with 15 days old cow dung and placed under a shed in the form a bed on the ground itself. Add water and mix well creating an cool environment for earthworms to grow. Place earth worms one side and cover the whole with dry rice straw to protect it from excessive heat. The bed should be under observation and if needed, water may be sprinkled once every two or three days to maintian the desired moisture and allow the earthworm to grow. Depending on the size, the whole bed is converted into good quality vermi compost within 3 months which then can be store in a cool and dry place to maintain the moisture in it.


It is advisable to apply 15 - 20 quintals/ha prior to the first ploughing of a crop field.

The documentation of this technology was assisted by farmer Kirnu Singh of Ghota village in Mandla district (Madhya Pradesh, India)